Hemp Seeds 101

Hemp Seeds 101

  • Three main varieties: fiber, grain, and CBD (see Hemp CBD Planting Guide for more info)
  • Approximately 25,000–27,000 seeds per pound on average, depending on seed size may contain upwards of 50,000 seeds

Regular Seeds vs. Feminized Seeds

  • Only female hemp plants will produce flowers with high concentration of CBD
  • CBD varieties may be “feminized”, meaning less likelihood of having male plants
  • Feminized seeds are generally more expensive
  • Fiber and grain varieties will be regular seeds — both male and female plants

How Many Seeds Per Acre?

  • Grain: Approx. 400,000 hemp plants per acre or 25–35 pounds of seed per acre, accounting for 70–80 percent germination rate
  • Fiber: Approx. 800,000 hemp plants per acre or about 45–55 pounds of seed per acre
  • CBD: 1,500–3,000 hemp plants per acre, depending on variety and spacing. May be as low as 400–750 plants if growing for “smokable” flowers

Estimated Costs

  • Grain/Fiber : Less than $10 per pound depending on variety and order quantity
  • CBD : Approximately $0.30-$5 per seed or $3,500-$20,000 per pound depending on variety, order quantity, and regular or feminized seed


View the Hemp Seed Procurement Infosheet